One of the latest technologies is called “orthodontic” which is ideal for dental technology which is related to the fabrication as well as design of the dental appliances in order to treat malocclusions that might be the outcome of irregularity of teeth, disproportionate jaw relation as well as both.
There are major kinds of orthodontic equipments or appliances. These are named as functional, passive as well as passive. All such types may be removable and fixed.
The active appliances refer to those appliances that are utilized to apply power onto the teeth for changing the relation of patient’s teeth. The removal active appliances are those which are meant for simplified tipping movements. Usage of appliances that can be removed in the current orthodontics is a lot reduced as it was in past because of a number of shortcomings associated with them. They include the Expansion & Labial Segment Alignment Appliance abbreviated as “ELSAA”.
Also available are the fixed active appliance. The initiator of the American orthodontics, Edward Angle, established a number of global appliances that are active, this unifying the practice of orthodontics. The appliances include Begg appliances (lightwire), Self-ligating edge-wise appliances, Preadjusted-edge-wise-appliances, Palatal expander / rapid maxillary expansion appliance called RME, Pin-and-tube appliances, Edge-wise appliances, Ribbon arch appliances, Tri helix, Tip-edge appliance, Bi helix and Quad helix
An appliance called “functional” is that kind of appliance which develops some parts of or all the effect of changing the position of “mandible” or “maxilla”. These appliances are also called the dento-facial orthopaedic appliances. They use the action of the patient muscle to develop the othopaedic or orthodontic forces. A number of functional appliances that have been elaborated. Also described are the functional appliances that are removable. These include the Andresen appliance.
This is an appliance which is used for over-biting, making the morals over erupt. Also available is the medium type opening activator. This is an advance version of Andresen appliance, then are the bionators.
They at first appear similar to a kind of combined lower and upper Hawley retainer however they do not attach to patient’s teeth and they are not utilized for the purpose of treatment before removing braces. Doctors place bionators in patient’s mouth among the spaces between the teeth that surround during biting. Those are utilized for the purpose of expansion of palate and for creating spaces for the incoming teeth. Hence, a lot many appliances are being used.